Zinc sulfate is an inorganic compound. It is used as a dietary supplement to treat zinc deficiency and to prevent the condition in those at high risk. Side effects of excess supplementation may include abdominal pain, vomiting, headache, and tiredness. The most common form includes water of crystallization as the heptahydrate. It was historically known as “white vitriol”. Zinc sulfate and its hydrates are colourless solids.
Usage of Zinc Sulphate:
Medicine, Manufacturing and other.
In medicine it is used together with oral rehydration therapy (ORT) and an astringent. The hydrates, especially the heptahydrate, are the primary forms used commercially. The main application is as a coagulant in the production of rayon. It is also a precursor to the pigment lithopone. It is also used as an electrolyte for zinc electroplating, as a mordant in dyeing, and as a preservative for skins and leather.
Zinc sulfate is used to supply zinc in animal feeds, fertilizers, toothpaste, and agricultural sprays. Zinc sulfate, like many zinc compounds, can be used to control moss growth on roofs.
White vitriol, Goslarite
3.54 g/cm3 (anhydrous)
2.072 g/cm3 (hexahydrate)