Ammonium Chloride

Ammonium Chloride

Ammonium chloride is an inorganic compound with a white crystalline salt that is highly soluble in water. In its naturally occurring mineralogic form, it is also known as sal ammoniac.

The mineral is commonly formed on burning coal dumps from the condensation of coal-derived gases. It is also found around some types of volcanic vents.

Usage of Ammonium Chloride:

Metalwork, Medicine, Food, In the laboratory, Flotation, Batteries and other.

It is mainly used as fertilizer and a flavouring agent in some types of liquorice. It is a product of the reaction of hydrochloric acid and ammonia. The dominant application of ammonium chloride is as a nitrogen source in fertilizers (corresponding to 90% of the world production of ammonium chloride) such as chloroammonium phosphate. The main crops fertilized this way are rice and wheat in Asia.

Chemical formula:


Other names:

Sal ammoniac, Salmiac, Nushadir salt, Sal armagnac, Salt armoniack, Salmiak


White solid, hygroscopic


1.519 g/cm3