Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound. Urea serves an important role in the metabolism of nitrogen-containing compounds by animals and is the main nitrogen-containing substance in the urine of mammals.

It is a colorless, odorless solid, highly soluble in water, and practically non-toxic. Dissolved in water, it is neither acidic nor alkaline. The body uses it in many processes, most notably nitrogen excretion. Urea is widely used in fertilizers as a source of nitrogen and is an important raw material for the chemical industry.

Usage of Urea:

Agriculture, Resins, Explosives, Automobile systems, Laboratory uses, Medical use, Miscellaneous uses and other.

More than 90% of world industrial production of urea is destined for use as a nitrogen-release fertilizer. Urea has the highest nitrogen content of all solid nitrogenous fertilizers in common use. Therefore, it has a low transportation cost per unit of nitrogen nutrient. The most common impurity of synthetic urea is biuret, which impairs plant growth.

Chemical formula:


Other names:

Carbamide, Carbonyldiamide, Carbonyldiamine, Diaminomethanal, Diaminomethanone


White solid


1.32 g/cm3